Unfolding China: How the country is combating terrorism

2019-09-05 16:17:05 来源:Mostofa kamal

By Mostofa kamal


“Unknown China” is considered a popular term among travellers. And truly so. Knowing China is difficult.


No matter how many times you see China, it may never be possible to fully explore China or know everything about the country. China is the country of one of the most ancient civilizations.


Information from Chinese documents says that mankind appeared in China around two million years ago. Then gradually took place the evolution of human civilization. Chinese civilization is considered one of the earliest civilizations on earth.


My interest in China is very old. From what I learned from books, I realized that I must set foot in China, the backbone of ancient civilization; I must see it with my own eyes. No books or magazines can replace the first-hand experience. But never had the opportunity to see China till recently.


In mid-August, I went to Guangzhou (China) in a Western China flight to attend an international seminar. It is a three and a half hour journey from Dhaka. From there, after crossing immigration, It was another five-hour journey to Urumqi. I was in a state of shock. I never thought Urumqi was so well developed, slim, fair a city. Every corner screams development and modernity.


As we have seen in the papers, China has been developing in 'double digits' for more than an era. Occasionally they are also displaying their economic and military strength. The fact that these are not just empty barks becomes obvious once you are China.


Another thing that caught my immediate attention was that I felt like I have set foot on a different planet. No one understands my language. Everyone looks surprised when I ask them something. To them, I am like an alien. I ran into major problems when I went out to eat. Time and again, I felt like I was floating in the sea; thirsty for water but the water was nowhere to be found.


Urumqi is the capital of China's Xinjiang province. There I met 19 editors, executive editors, and writers from 15 countries. The Chinese government organized an international seminar with a team of 20 people. A truly incredible initiative. The seminar, held at a five-star hotel in Urumqi, offered lively discussions on various issues, including history, traditions, cultures from China and also terrorism, development, inter-state and regional relations.


Not only did we talk, but we also visited three of Xinjiang's most famous cities. I also saw a few villages and how those villages were developed in accordance with cities. What is even more surprising is the view of the desert that has been turned into a green forest in just thirty years.


There are special reasons for organizing this seminar in Xinjiang. The province is especially important for a variety of reasons. The province has a long border of 5,700 km with eight countries. The countries are Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. This 1,600,000 sq km province has a population of about 25 million. Most are Muslims.



In addition, Christians, Buddhists, and other minority communities live in this province as well. To China, this province, rich in natural resources, is very important. Besides, Xinjiang is the main focus of the Silk Road plan that China has undertaken.


Militants and terrorists target this province of limited possibilities. Terrorist activities happen one after another. China is worried. So much development in them! What will be the consequences? Thus begins strategies to counter-terrorism.



One of the most dangerous threats in the world is terrorism and extremism. No country on earth is safe from their grip. All countries are more or less subject to terrorism or are at risk of terrorist attacks.


After the terrorist attack on the Twin Towers in New York, the United States retaliated and took Afghanistan and Iraq to the brink of destruction. People still go to sleep with fear and wake up with fear too. In the current situation, it is very difficult to root out terrorism. However, China has taken a different approach in this regard.



Terrorist attacks have been taking place in China since the 90s. As reported by the Chinese government, about 4,000 terrorist attacks took place in China between 1990 and 2016, including China's Xinjiang province. In some areas, Riot also happens. Many people had their throats slit, and some were shot for spreading extremism. Most of the casualties in this country are ordinary people. Peaceable people became frightened by these terrorist activities. They just want to get rid of it.


Chinese police and intelligence forces have launched several operations to capture militants and terrorists. Many militants and terrorists were arrested in these operations. A large number of firearms were also recovered from them.


Exhibitions were also organized to inform people about these negative acts of militants. The exhibition also shows some documentaries of the cruelty of the militants. No one can fully realize the severity of the actions by militants.


The Chinese government seeks to find the leading cause of terrorist attacks. They have found that militant groups influence the militants by showing seduction of money to people from poor families. Thus they enter into numerous families. Sudden changes appear in these families. For example, the girls cover themselves with a burqa all of a sudden. Major changes in the behavior and activities of boys. At one point, some even separate themselves from their families.


Representatives of the Chinese Police Department and intelligence agencies monitor the movement of these young men. Talk to them. They try to make these young men understand that terrorism is not a good thing. The common people are also made aware through imams of mosques. It is an attempt to ensure young men and women, walking the path of militancy, understand the issue. But what is the way to get them back from that dark path?


Poverty and lack of employment are dragging them from behind. Return to the light from darkness requires money and employment. The Chinese government has extended a helping hand. The government has said that if they leave the path of militancy, they will be given 'vocational training'. A two-year-long course. Jobs will be offered only if they pass. And during that training (two years), the government will bear all the expenses of providing for the family.


That is how it started; the return to the path to light. We saw with our own eyes, the training centers established in Aksu and Kashgar cities of Xinjiang province. The state-of-the-art training center provides training in various fields including information technology, agro-culture. This makes it easier for them to find jobs.


I talked with many students at the training center. They say that they have acknowledged that their lives have changed because of the government's timely initiative, they have found a new life. Several female students say their lives were imprisoned in black clothes; now they are living a free life and can breathe freely.


Bangladesh is also a country infected with terrorism and extremism. Due to the government's continued efforts, the militant activities are somewhat controlled but still not eradicated completely. Many have been embracing militancy in secret. Militants have been brainwashing new people secretly. Some are becoming suicidal. Many are secretly continuing militant activities.


In this regard, the government of Bangladesh can seek advice from China. The process by which China has been able to suppress militants can be applied here as well. China has come up with a long-term plan. As a result, they have been able to convince the general public that militancy is a threat to society and the state and people have to be careful so that these militants do not set camp anywhere. China has succeeded in doing this.


In our country, we do not go deep into the problem, as I have observed. We think of severing the head if there are issues in the head. We do not think that results can be achieved by making people aware too. One must understand that the way to suppress militancy cannot be a revolution, but rather has to be an evolution. We have to move forward with a long-term plan. The militants should be given a chance to return to the light.


Our mosques and madrasas can also play an important role in making people aware of militancy. This way the negative actions of militants can be exposed to the people and at the same time, the path from darkness to light can also be shown to militants.